Semantic Web

The purpose of the Semantic Web is to create machine understandable information where the semantics are explicit and usable by algorithms
and computer programs. This original goal has expanded to include the goal of creating services, or processes, that are machine understandable
and useable by other processes. XML meta data is not enough to define and describe relationships between things, more knowledge is needed.

One word that is highly used in Semantic Web articles is Ontology. An ontology consists of a set of ideas or concepts and the collection of relationships between those concepts.
See Essential Software Architecture by Ian Gordon.

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